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Aha3D

FDM 3D Printing Filaments

FDM

Choose from a wide range!

Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS)

Introduction

  • ABS or Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene is a common thermoplastic used in 3d printing.
  • It is a terpolymer made by polymerizing styrene and acrylonitrile in the presence of polybutadiene. The proportions can vary from 15 to 35% acrylonitrile, 5 to 30% butadiene and 40 to 60% styrene.
  • ABS has good impact, wear and heat resistance.
  • ABS has good chemical resistance.
  • ABS shows some warping issues while printing.
  • ABS absolute is upgraded version of ABS with less  warping and high strength and durability.

Technical Data Sheet

Printing Parameters

  • Nozzle temperature: 220 °C
  • Bed temperature: 110 °C
  • Adhesion: ABS paste
  • Chamber: Closed chamber
  • Printing Speed: 65-67 mm/s

Applications

  • Refrigeration Industry
  • 3D Building Materials
  • Machine Prototype Construction
  • Pipes
  • Fittings
  • Keyboard Keys
  • Power-Tool Housing
Polylactic Acid (PLA)

Introduction

  • Polylactic acid commonly known as PLA is a biodegradable thermoplastic.
  • It is easy to print as there is no shrinkage or warping issues occur during printing.
  • PLA can form so many composites as it is easy to blend with other material some commonly used composites are SS-PLA, wood-PLA,
  • PLA is derived from natural resources so it can be constantly renewed.
  • Printed objects will usually have a glossier look & feel
  • It cannot stand too much heat, as standard PLA becomes soft around 50°C, but we can improve it by blending it with other materials.

Technical Data Sheet

Printing Parameters

  • Nozzle temperature: 210 ± 10 °C
  • Bed temperature: 30-40 °C
  • Printing speed: 65-70 mm/s
  • Adhesion: ABS paste
  • Chamber: Open

Applications

  • Can be used in food packaging, bags, disposable tableware, upholstery, disposable garments, hygiene products and even diapers.
  • Surgically implanted screws, pins, artistic prints, rods or mesh simply break down in the body within 6 months to 2 years.
High Impact Polystyrene (HIPS)

Introduction

  • High impact polystyrene (HIPS)
  • Copolymer that combines the hardness of polystyrene and the elasticity of rubber.
  • Can be used as support material.
  • Soluble in limonene, an easily obtainable solvent that is derived from the skin of lemons.
  • HIPS as a support material limits you to printing your actual part from ABS because other 3D printer filament materials will be damaged by the limonene.
  • But HIPS and ABS print well together in any case
  • Stronger than both PLA and ABS, warps less than ABS, and can easily be glued, sanded, and painted.
  • Will dissolve in approximately 8 to 24 hours when fully submerged in a Limonene bath.
  • HIPS remain pliable (easily bent or flexible) until it’s cool. Do not remove your print until fully cooled or it will bend.

Printing Parameters

  • Nozzle temperature: 230 ± 10⁰C
  • Bed temperature: 100 ⁰C
  • Chamber: open
  • Adhesion: ABS paste
  • Printing Speed: 70 mm/s

Applications

  • Well spread in food industry for packaging
  • Also used to pack CD discs and to produce trays in medicine
Stainless Steel PLA

Introduction

  • Stainless steel filaments are composed of very fine stainless steel powder contained in a PLA matrix. Filament contains 18% stainless steel and 82% PLA.
  • Stainless steel printed parts have metallic surface finish.
  • Prints made from stainless steel filaments are naturally heavier than standard plastic prints, providing a nice heft to printed objects.
  • Parts are rigid and tough.
  • A standard brass extruder will be quickly worn out when used with a stainless steel filament.
  • Stainless steel filaments are much denser and heavier than plastic filaments, which presents problems when printing designs with lots of overhang.
  • Stainless steel filaments have very poor bridging characteristics
  • Stainless steel-fused PLA cannot be used for high temperature applications.

Printing Parameters

  • Nozzle temperature: 210 ± 10 °C
  • Bed temperature: 60 °C
  • Printing speed: 45-50 mm/s
  • ABS slurry is required for first layer adhesion.

Applications

  • Custom jewelry and trinkets
  • Rapid prototypes
  • Decorative items
Polycarbonate

Introduction

  • Hygroscopic (so store it in a cool, dry place to ensure better quality prints)
  • PC is moderately flexible (though not as much as nylon)
  • Extremely durable and resistant to both physical impact and heat, able to withstand temperatures of up to 110°C
  • Not food safe
  • Transparent which explains its use in commercial items such as bullet proof glass, scuba masks, and electronic display screens.

Technical Data Sheet

Printing Parameters

  • Nozzle temperature: 280 ± 10 ⁰C
  • Bed temperature: 120 ⁰C
  • Chamber: Closed
  • Adhesion: ABS paste
  • Printing Speed: 65-67 mm/s

Applications

  • PC is an ideal 3D printer filament for parts that need to retain their strength, toughness, and shape in high-temperature environments, such as electrical, mechanical, or automotive components.
  • We can also take advantage of its optical clarity in lighting projects or for screens.
  • Extremely strong, impact resistant thermoplastic material so it is widely used in automotive and aerospace sectors.
  • Bio-compatible and can be sterilisable so can be used in medical sector.
Thermoplastic Polyurethane (TPU) FLEX92

Introduction

Thermoplastic elastomers (TPE) are essentially plastics with rubber-like qualities, making them extremely flexible and durable. As such, TPE is commonly found in automotive parts, household appliances, and medical supplies.TPE is a broad class of copolymers, Thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) is a particular variety of TPE, and Compared to generic TPE, TPU is slightly more rigid – making it easier to print. It’s also a little more durable and can better retain its elasticity in the cold.

  • Objects that need to take a lot of wear
  • Toys, phone cases, and wearables (like wristbands).

Printing Parameters

  • Nozzle temperature: 210 ± 10 ⁰C
  • Bed temperature: 100 ⁰C
  • Chamber: Open
  • Adhesion: No adhesion required (stick on bare glass)
  • Printing Speed: 40 mm/s

Applications

  • Mechanical (prototypes, cases, strips, articulated objects etc.)
  • Educational (organ structures etc.)
  • Fashion
Polyethylene Terephthalate Glycol (PETG)

Introduction

  • Polyethylene Terephthalate (with a glycol modification)
  • Combines the most useful characteristics of ABS filament (the rigidity and mechanical properties for functional parts) with the ease of printing that PLA filament affords.
  • Hygroscopic (So should be stored in a cool, dry place and dried)
  • Excellent impact resistance and machinability
  • PETG = PET + Glycol (PETG), is of the same chemical composition as PET but with the addition of glycol, addition of glycol to create PETG removes the hazing effect seen during heating and also prevents an undesirable crystallization effect that causes standard PET to become brittle)
  •  Easier to scratch, more susceptible to damaging UV light, these drawbacks are relatively minor when compared to superior heat handling, shock resistance, and comfortable grip.

Technical Datasheet

Printing Parameters

  • Nozzle temperature: 230 ± 10 ⁰C
  • Bed temperature: 60 ⁰C
  • Adhesion: ABS paste
  • Chamber: Open
  • Printing Speed: 40-50 mm/s
  • Support material is recommended PETg itself.

Applications

  • Suitable for sterile barrier pharmaceutical and medical device packaging.
  • Can be used for heat sealed blister packaging for cell phones, small electronic devices.
Nylon

Introduction

  • Thermoplastic
  • Silky material
  • Low friction coefficient so it is ideal for moving parts
  • High tensile strength. (we can give example of nylon rope which has exceptional tensile strength)
  • Hygroscopic so nylon 12 is favourable as compared to nylon 6 since nylon 12 is less sensitive to moisture as compared to nylon 6
  • Due to water absorption properties, we can dye nylon for interesting results
  • Have to store your nylon spool in an airtight bag with desiccant to avoid it from moisture absorption
  • If you are getting an uneven finish quality or even popping during printing then you will need to dry it out

Printing Parameters

  • Nozzle temperature: 260 ± 10 ⁰C
  • Bed temperature: 120 ⁰C
  • Speed: 25-27 mm/s
  • Chamber: Closed
  • Adhesion: PVA Glue Stick required for first layer adhesion because it is prone to warping if you don’t use the right surface for adhesion.
  • Always dry it before use.

Applications

  • High performance machine parts (buckles, gears etc.)
  • High performance tools
  • Living hinges
Polyvinyl Alcohol (PVA)

Introduction

  • Thermoplastic.
  • Silky material.
  • Low friction coefficient so it is ideal for moving parts.
  • High tensile strength. (we can give example of nylon rope which has exceptional tensile strength)
  • Hygroscopic so nylon 12 is favourable as compared to nylon 6 since nylon 12 is less sensitive to moisture as compared to nylon 6.
  • Due to water absorption properties, we can dye nylon for interesting results.
  • Have to store your nylon spool in an airtight bag with desiccant to avoid it from moisture absorption.
  • If you are getting an uneven finish quality or even popping during printing then you will need to dry it out.

Printing Parameters

  • Nozzle temperature: 260 ± 10 ⁰C
  • Bed temperature: 120 ⁰C
  • Speed: 25-27 mm/s
  • Chamber: Closed
  • Adhesion: PVA Glue Stick required for first layer adhesion because it is prone to warping if you don’t use the right surface for adhesion.
  • Always dry it before use.

Applications

  • High performance machine parts (buckles, gears etc.)
  • High performance tools
  • Living hinges